How to create a Bitcoin paper wallet

An Example of Bitcoin Paper wallet

A bitcoin paper wallet is a cryptocurrency address that helps individuals store bitcoin offline.

Fiat currency has a physical representation: the dollar or currency note. On the other hand, Bitcoin has no physical representation; thus, it is stored using an encrypted ledger known as Blockchain.

The blockchain system is responsible for certifying bitcoin's transactions. A paper wallet is also based on the blockchain system.

Wallet Address

A wallet address is like a bank account number. The wallet address is a unique key made up of alphanumeric characters used for sending and receiving bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency.

There are two forms of representing a cryptocurrency wallet: a long string of case-sensitive alphanumeric characters, e.g., 1mgi5nhsxu3ljncdar69cebpFFFFfffssmwcm, or a QR code, as shown in the image below.

A typical example of a wallet address.

There are three wallet types or systems for storing, sending, and receiving cryptocurrency, namely:

  1. Paper wallet
  2. Hardware wallet, and
  3. Software wallet.

Paper Wallet

A paper wallet is an offline or cold storage method for storing cryptocurrency. It is one of the safest types of wallets for storing crypto for the long term.

A paper wallet is primarily printed on a piece of paper that contains keys and QR codes.

Some paper wallets are completely offline and cannot be hacked. A wallet's public key is used to receive cryptocurrency and can be shared around, while the private key is used to access the crypto assets is printed on paper.

Advantages of Paper Wallet

A paper wallet has several pros or advantages. Some of the advantages of a Bitcoin Paper Wallet are listed below:

  • Paper wallet is offline thus, it is inaccessible to hackers
  • Because a paper wallet is offline, it cannot be affected by malwares
  • Paper wallet is considered the safest means of storing bitcoin.

How to create a crypto or Bitcoin wallet

Disadvantages of Paper Wallet

The paper wallet also has many cons or disadvantages associated with it; some of the disadvantages of a paper wallet are listed below:

  • It can be damaged by water, fire
  • You may forget where you kept
  • If someone set their eyes on it and takes a snapshot of it, the person can steal your funds, etc.
  • Thus it requires you need to have multiple and safe backups,
  • Many people believe that the risks associated with losing or damaging a paper wallet may outweigh the potential security benefits.
  • Though it is an offline wallet, hackers sometimes installed malware on printers connected to a larger network and sometimes steal the keys during the generation process.

How to create a Paper Wallet

Below are procedures for creating a paper wallet to store cryptocurrency:

  1. Go to the BitAddress website
  2. Generate a private key by moving your mouse around the screen till the counter reaches 100%

Generate a private key by moving your mouse around the screen till the counter reaches 100%.

3.Click print wallet.

Click “print” to print out your Bitcoin wallet address.

4. Choose how many copies you would like to print out.

5. Encrypt the wallet with a BIP38 password (optional)

6. Print the paper wallet.


The major demerit of a paper wallet is user error. If a printer uses low-quality ink, it may fade or clear with time, making the paper wallet useless. There are also cases of misreading the keys, leading to the loss of the crypto assets.

In summary, a paper wallet has its benefits, but you are advised to weigh and balance the risks against the acclaimed benefits.