Best federal universities in Nigeria

You have completed your postsecondary exams and are preparing to enrol in a federal university. Discover the best federal universities in Nigeria.

Best federal universities in Nigeria

Due to their affordability, federal universities are Nigeria's most popular tertiary educational institutions. With scores of federal universities in Nigeria, many want to know not just which are the most rigorous academically, but also which are the most affordable and safest, and if federal universities are superior to their state counterparts.

This post identifies the best federal universities in Nigeria while reviewing some frequently asked questions about federal universities.

50 Best Federal Universities in Nigeria

Rank

Federal University

State

Year founded

1

University of Ibadan (UI)

Oyo

1948

2

Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)

Osun

1962

3

University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN)

Enugu

1960

4

University of Lagos (UNILAG)

Lagos

1962

5

University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT)

Rivers

1975

6

Ahmadu Bello University (ABU)

Kaduna

1962

7

Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO)

Imo

1980

8

University of Ilorin (UNILORIN)

Kwara

1975

9

Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA)

Ondo

1981

10

Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK)

Anambra

1992

11

Bayero University Kano

Kano

1975

12

University of Jos (UNIJOS)

Plateau

1975

13

Federal University of Technology, Minna (FUTMINNA)

Niger

1982

14

University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID)

Borno

1975

15

University of Calabar (UNICAL)

Cross River

1975

16

Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB)

Ogun

1988

17

University of Uyo (UNIUYO)

Akwa Ibom

1991

18

University of Abuja (UNIABUJA)

FCT

1988

19

Federal University, Oye-Ekiti (FUOYE)

Ekiti

2011

20

Federal University Dutse

Jigawa

2011

21

Usmanu Danfodiyo University

Sokoto

1975

22

Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola (MAUTECH)

Adamawa

1981

23

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU)

Bauchi

1988

24

Federal University of Petroleum Resources Effurun (FUPRE)

Delta

2007

25

National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN)

Lagos

2002

26

Federal University Lokoja (FULOKOJA)

Kogi

2011

27

University of Benin (UNIBEN)

Edo

1970

28

Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi

Benue

1988

29

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike

Abia

1992

30

Federal University Kashere Gombe

Gombe

2011

31

Federal University Lafia

Nasarawa

2011

32

Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

Kaduna

1985

33

Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike

Ebonyi

2011

34

Federal University Dutsinma

Katsina

2011

35

Federal University Otuoke

Bayelsa

2011

36

Federal University Wukari

Taraba

2011

37

Air Force Institute of Technology

Kaduna

2018

38

Federal University Birnin Kebbi

Kebbi

2013

39

Federal University Gashua

Yobe

2013

40

Federal University Gusau

Zamfara

2013

41

Nigeria Maritime University

Delta

2018

42

Federal University of Agriculture, Zuru (FUAZ)

Kebbi

2020

43

Nigeria Police Academy

Kano

2013

44

Nigerian Army University Biu

Borno

2018

45

Federal University of Health Technology, Otukpo

Benue

2020

46

Federal University of Technology, Babura

Jigawa

2021

47

Federal University of Health Sciences, Azare

Bauchi

2021

48

Federal University of Health Sciences, Ila Orangun

Osun

2021

49

Federal University of Technology, Ikot Abasi

Akwa Ibom

2021

50

Federal University of Transportation, Daura

Katsina

2022

Which is the cheapest federal university in Nigeria?

The Nigeria Police Academy, a federal institution, is the cheapest university in Nigeria since its tuition costs are free.

Some Nigeria Police Academy students get compensated for enrolling in the school, making it a popular option for the impoverished Nigerian populace.

Is Federal University better than a state university?

The distinction between federal and state universities is that federal universities are maintained by the federal government via the Ministry of Education, whereas state universities are supported by the states in which they are situated. As a result, federal institutions get better financing than their state counterparts.

State universities have much higher tuition fees than federal universities and are considerably more costly for non-natives of the state.

Having campuses in more than one state, which is not feasible for state universities, is a distinct asset of federal universities. As mentioned above, the federal government maintains and distributes federal universities among all Nigerian states, with at least one in each.

In Nigeria, federal universities have a greater reputation, so a federal degree is more distinguished than a state university degree.

Federal universities in Nigeria offer the greatest academics and attract the most talented students. In addition, diverse cultures, languages, and religions are present in federal universities, thereby training students for the ideal life.

In terms of admissions and appointments, federal universities are intended to promote national character, which is seldom seen at state universities. In a typical federal university, you will find students and faculty from areas other than the institution's location.

In addition, entrance to a federal university is substantially more difficult than admission to a state university, resulting in a degree with, by all accounts, much more value. This enhances the reputation of federal universities compared to state universities.

In conclusion, federal universities tend to have higher standards, employ more professors, enrol more students and are ranked higher by employment organisations than state universities, opening the doors to Nigeria's highest paying jobs.

Which state has the most federal universities?

Kaduna is the state with the most federal universities in Nigeria. Three federal universities are spread over the 46,053 km² land mass, the fourth largest in Nigeria, namely:

  1. Ahmadu Bello University (ABU)
  2. Nigerian Defence Academy
  3. Air Force Institute of Technology

Which universities are not under ASUU?

Private universities are not under the aegis of ASUU. The Academic Staff Union of Institutions, or ASUU, governs all public universities, whether federal or state. As a result, all public universities in Nigeria are susceptible to the sporadic strikes that have plagued academic institutions for decades.

However, it is common knowledge that public universities, under the state government's direction, can avoid similar strikes via successful discussions.

In 2022, state institutions like LASU, DELSU, LASUSTECH, and LASUED withdrew from the devastating ASUU year-long strike.

Contrary to erroneous information on the Internet, DELSU is affiliated with ASUU.

Are federal universities cheaper than state universities?

Due to increased support from federal government agencies, federal institutions are more affordable than state universities. Some federally-run universities even go so far as to offer free education. 

How many federal universities are in Nigeria??

As of August 2022, there are 50 registered federal universities in Nigeria.

Do federal universities pay tuition fees?

Yes, all students in federal universities are required to pay tuition. However, tuition fees in federal universities are cheap since the Nigerian government subsidises a portion of the cost of education at federal institutions.

Which university is the safest in Nigeria?

The majority of private universities are usually safe. Private universities are safer than public universities since they are often more residential and have less contact with their host towns.

In addition, functioning CCTV networks are available in private universities, which can only aid in preventing the illegal violations that afflict state and federal universities.

Universities whose entrances are not immediately linked to roadways are also often safer. Typically, smaller universities are safer than bigger ones because operatives can easily distinguish between students and outsiders.